Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are considered as neurodevelopmental conditions for which there is no known cause to date. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) have become a matter of concern in the United States due to the increase in the number of children suffering from this malaise.
Fact 1. The incidence of ASD has increased 10-fold from the 1980s when it was 5 children per 10,000 to 60 children per 10,000 in the 1990s.
Fact 2. In 2006, there was an increase of 57% from 2002. ASD is noted to be 5 times higher for boys as compared to girls.
Fact 3. ASD symptoms include behavioral and social interaction deficits combined with signs of intellectual disability.
Fact 4. Although inheritance can be a factor, risk genes have yet to be identified.
Fact 5. Research is required in determining the relationship between genes and the environment which triggers ASD.
Fact 6. Medication-wise, studies conducted indicate a paucity of information and proof to support available medications. There is insufficient, quality evidence to support medications for children with ASD.
Fact 7. Although many children are treated with medications, there is a lack of evidence to support the touted benefits.
Fact 8. Two medications, Risperidone and Aripiprazole have shown improvements in challenging and repetitive behaviors. However, it is was not recommended due to adverse effects which could result in impairment and injury.
Fact 9. The recommended pre-emptive measures are early detection and intervention programs from birth to five years.
Fact 10. At this current stage of research, it is improbable that a cure would be on the horizon soon. Instead, resources should be directed towards therapy and assisting ASD patients in adapting towards their situation.