Facts About the Fungi Kingdom

Filed under Science

This article contains very basic yet very interesting facts related to the fungi kingdom. Also cited in this article are the references as to where these facts were obtained.

Fact 1. “Myco” means “fungus,” and “fungus” means “study.” Therefore, the study of the fungi kingdom is also termed as mycology.

Fact 2. Studies have stated that among all eukaryotic organisms, fungi resemble the most closely to animals.

Fact 3. The usual thing that comes into peoples minds whenever the word “fungi” is used is mushrooms.

Fact 4. Fungi can cause many diseases that are life-threatening.

Fact 5. Fungi can degrade matter on our planet like the soil, trees, and other Earth zones.

Fact 6. There are many different kinds of fungi species that live inside our body. Many diseases related to fungi inside the body are because of a reduction in our immune system.

Fact 7. A big study on the fungi kingdom is sometimes done by many companies in the world to create a new type of biological superweapon that can create disease in people.

Fact 8. The fungi kingdom has three domains: Eukarya, Bacteria, and Archaea.

Fact 9. Fungi are sexual and asexual in their reproduction.

Fact 10. Fungi are reproduced by spores being carried in the wind and multiplying in other areas it touches.

Fact 11. Fungi with a vegetative body are usually unicellular.

Fact 12. While the cell walls of fungi are very similar to plants, the chemicals that make a fungi’s cell walls are very different. Fungi cell walls are made up of chitin, while plant cell walls are made up of cellulose.

Fact 13. Fungi are very similar in structure and form to plants but different in their organelles.

Fact 14. Fungi do not make their own food.

Fact 15. While animals eat first and digest the food that they eat later, fungi digest first then swallow (ingest) afterwards.

Fact 16. Some fungi have gills, some have pores, and some have teeth in them.

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References :


[0] http://www.uwlax.edu/biology/volk/fungi3/index.htm
[1] http://mgm.duke.edu/microbial/images/fungal_kingdom.pdf
[2] http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Swettenham_-_Fungi.jpg